The first honorary Chartered Director titles were conferred on two very distinguished individuals who have supported Chartered Director vigorously.
Sir Adrian Cadbury
"One of the conclusions of our corporate governance committee was the need for those joining boards to follow appropriate courses. We instituted such courses, but the response was rather limited. It took the Institute’s initiative in launching an accredited qualification to turn that aim into reality."
Sir Adrian graduated from Cambridge in 1952, where he studied economics at King’s College. He is perhaps most well known for his chairmanship of the Committee on The Financial Aspects of Corporate Governance (more commonly known as the Cadbury Committee) between 1991 and 1995 and the code of best practice which bears his name. The development of corporate governance worldwide owes much to the work of the Cadbury Committee and the principles it developed under Sir Adrian’s chairmanship. The Committee’s work provided the foundation for the UK’s current Combined Code on Corporate Governance.
Between 1969 and 1974 Sir Adrian was Deputy Chairman and Managing Director of Cadbury Schweppes. He became Chairman in 1974, a role he held until 1989. During this time Sir Adrian also served as a director of IBM UK Ltd and between 1990 and 1994 he was a member of the UK Takeover Panel. He chaired the CBI’s Economic and Financial Policy Committee between 1974 and 1980 and ProNed between 1984 and 1995. He was a director of the Bank of England between 1970 and 1994.
Sir Adrian has a long-standing relationship with Aston University. He served as Chancellor of the university between 1979 and 2004 and he continues to play an important part in the life of the university. Sir Adrian contributes to undergraduate and postgraduate courses, speaking in particular on governance, business ethics and corporate social responsibility. He publishes on corporate governance matters and serves on the editorial board of the journal Corporate Governance: An International Review.
In recognition of his contribution to commerce, corporate governance and public life, Sir Adrian has received honorary degrees from many universities. All three Birmingham universities have recognised him in this way (Aston in 1973; Birmingham in 1996 and The University of Central England in 2004) as have, inter alia, Cambridge, Bristol and Kent. In 1995 the Royal Society of Arts awarded Sir Adrian its Albert Medal and in 2001 he received one of the International Corporate Governance Network’s inaugural International Corporate Governance Awards.
Sir John Parker
Sir John Parker has served on the Boards of over 20 major companies and is currently chairing his 5th FTSE 100 – Anglo American plc. He is Vice Chairman DP World (Dubai) plc and a Non Executive Director at Carnival Corporation and EADS (Airbus).
He studied Naval Architecture and Mechanical Engineering and is currently President of the Royal Academy of Engineering since 2011 and an Elder Brother of Trinity House. He has just stepped down from the Chairmanship of National Grid plc after 11 years at the end of 2011. He is a former Chairman of the Court of the Bank of England, Mondi plc, P&O Group, RMC plc, Firth Rixon plc, Lattice Group plc and BVT (Surface Ships). He has served as a Non Executive Director on a range of Boards including British Coal Corporation, GKN, BG Group, Brambles and Deputy Chairman P&O Princess Cruises. In his Executive career he was MD Austin & Pickersgill (Shipbuilders) (1974-1978) and Deputy CEO British Shipbuilders Corporation, CEO Harland and Wolff plc and Babcock International plc.
He has served on a range of Government Committees including the Prime Ministers Business Council for Britain (2007 – 2009) and has led Young Offenders into Work for 10 years, Governor of the RNLI, Council Member White Ensign Charity; President of the Royal Institution of Naval Architects (1996-1999), Prime Warden of the Worshipful Company of Shipwrights (2000) and Chancellor of the University of Southampton (2000 – 2001).
He was knighted in 2001 for Services to the Defence and Shipbuilding Industries.
Mr Christopher Hyman
"I do believe the IoD programme is world-class in it’s approach to director accreditation.
Professionalising the role of the director in my opinion is critically important to building confidence in the abilities of boards to meet the needs of their stakeholders."
Christopher Hyman was appointed Chief Executive of SERCO Group plc in 2002. He is also Non-Executive Director of United Business Media plc, the Prince of Wales' charity In Kind Direct, Habitat for Humanity and the Borneo Tropical Rainforest Foundation. He is a member of the UK Government's Honours Advisory Committee for Economy. Christopher graduated from Natal University in Durban, South Africa and qualified as a chartered accountant, serving with Arthur Andersen and Ernst & Young before joining SERCO in 1994 as the European Finance Director. He was appointed Group Company Secretary in 1996, Corporate Finance Director in 1997 and Group Finance Director in April 1999. He is responsible for setting the vision and strategy of the GroupIn 2006, SERCO announced a strong set of results with a bumper £13bn order book. In six years, to 2006, SERCO has doubled its turnover to an estimated £2bn a year and almost trebled its profits to about £100m after benefiting from the switch from public to private sector.
The City is usually sceptical about such low profit margins. "One of the things we find around 37 countries, is what people find acceptable. What sort of money should people make out of the public sector?" is the question asked by Christopher Hyman.
An Indian Pentecostal Christian from South Africa, Hyman is an unusual chief executive in many ways, not least his enthusiasm for what he calls the values of doing business. He gave a speech on the subject at the Business in the Community conference last year and communicated his enthusiasm for putting people first so that the rest - profits, investors, power - would follow.
In an interview, Hyman indicated: "I am very passionate about our values and building this company not to make a profit," he says. "If profit is an immediate by-product, then that's wonderful ... If you can make it have an impact on society, people's lives and make it fun, then we don't have to worry about making this profit or that. It happens naturally."
"You can choose to leave a mark or you can choose not to. I tell people here: if you can make a difference in whatever you do, bid it. Don't give me a proposal that makes a shed-load of money - will it be a better place when you leave than when you arrived?" He insists Serco was founded with these values; he has just capitalised on his inheritance and stressed honesty as the best policy when dealing with all management issues. He doesn't pretend to agree just to make a subordinate feel better, for example.
Unlike most chief executives, Hyman is perfectly happy to link his business ethos with his personal beliefs. "I've taken it to a more personal level because I absolutely grew up with these values."
Christopher Hyman worked for Arthur Andersen in South Africa after graduating, until he won an 18-month exchange with Ernst & Young, which brought him to Britain. After four months, the accountancy firm gave him a permanent job. He switched to SERCO in 1994.
SERCO's share price has performed solidly rather than spectacularly and Hyman admits: "This may not go down very well but I put people first, then customers, then shareholders. If [our] people are happy, everyone else is happy."
Christopher Hyman has been an ardent supporter of The IoD, creating a special partnership with them for training and education in Company Direction, reaching managers in all parts of the company. Six have come through to, and qualified as, Chartered Directors and two have become interviewers.
Dame Mary Perkins DBE FBOA
Dame Mary Perkins is co-founder and a senior executive of Specsavers, a leading bricks and mortar UK optical company. She is the wife of Specsavers co-founder Doug Perkins and was made a Dame Commander in 2007.
Dame Mary and Doug Perkins launched Specsavers in Guernsey in 1984. It is now the largest privately owned opticians in the world, with over 1,500 stores across the UK, Europe and Australasia. Dame Mary sits on the company’s board and oversees business development. She has particular responsibility for PR and the customer, as well as the company’s CSR policy.
Dame Mary was made an honorary fellow of Cardiff University in 2005, the same year she received the Rotary International Community and Vocational Service Award for her services to charity. She won the inaugural Spirit of Everywoman Award in 2006 and was the first UK female optician to become a Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire. It was awarded in recognition of her services to business and to the community in Guernsey, where she lives and where Specsavers has its central services. Her local charity work includes the Guernsey annual Specsavers Liberation Tea Dance, plus directorships of the Guernsey Women's Refuge, Age Concern and Action Aid (Guernsey). She is also a patron of Les Bourgs Hospice, a non-executive director of Guernsey Post and the Guernsey Training Agency and a Governor of Ladies College.
Dame Mary is a Court Assistant and Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Spectacle Makers and a patron of Everywoman and anti-bullying charity Kidscape. She is also an ambassador to Vision Aid Overseas and Sightsavers.
Dame Mary won the Outstanding Woman in Business Award at the National Business Awards 2007, for her work in changing the landscape for women in business. She also received the First Women Lifetime Achievement Award 2010 and is an Honorary Chartered Director of the Institute of Directors.
Niall FitzGerald KBE
Niall FitzGerald is the Deputy Chairman of Thomson Reuters, following the creation of the new company in April 2008. Prior to this he was the Chairman of Reuters from October 2004, having spent over thirty years with Unilever in a variety of commercial and financial jobs in several countries. In the early 1980’s he became CEO of Unilever’s foods business in South Africa and thereafter returned to London as Unilever Group Treasurer.
Niall FitzGerald joined the Boards of Unilever PLC and Unilever NV in 1987 and served respectively as Finance Director, Foods Director and Detergents Director until his appointment as Chairman and CEO in 1996, in which he continued until retiring in September 2004. During his Unilever career, he worked and lived in Ireland, the Netherlands, South Africa, the USA and the UK.
Niall FitzGerald joined the Board of Reuters as a non-executive director in 2003 and became Chairman in 2004. In April 2008 he became Deputy co-Chairman of the newly formed Thomson Reuters. In November 2008 he was appointed Chairman of Hakluyt & Co. Ltd and was appointed Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the British Museum in 2006. He also co-Chairs the Investment Climate Facility (ICF) for Africa. Niall FitzGerald is a member of the Foundation Board of the World Economic Forum and also a Trustee of the Leverhulme Trust. He is a member of the Advisory Board of Spencer Stuart and a Senior Advisor to Allen & Co. These are in addition to many previous roles on advisory and other international bodies.
Mr. FitzGerald was awarded an honorary Knight Commander of the British Empire in 2002, and holds a number of Honorary Doctorates from American, British and Irish universities.
Sir Christopher Hogg
Sir Christopher Hogg became Chairman of the Financial Reporting Council on 1st January 2006, until July, 2010. He began his career in industry with Courtaulds in 1968, going on to become Chief Executive in 1979, executive Chairman from 1980, and non-executive Chairman from 1991 to 1996. He was a non-executive director and subsequently Chairman of Reuters Group (1984-2004), SmithKline Beecham and then GlaxoSmithKline (1993-2004), and Allied Domecq (1995-2002). He was a non-executive director of Air Liquide SA from 2000 to 2005.
Sir Christopher was a member of the Department of Industry's Industrial Development Advisory Board from 1976 to 1980 and a non-executive Director of the Bank of England from March 1992 to 1996. He was non-executive Chairman of the National Theatre from 1995 to 2004 and a Trustee of the Ford Foundation from 1987 to 1999.
Sir Christopher is a graduate of Oxford and Harvard and saw active service with the Parachute Regiment in Cyprus and Suez on National Service. Before his career in industry he worked for three years in corporate finance in the City and two years in the public sector.
Sir Ian MacLaurin
Having made Tesco into Britain’s leading retailer and helped to unravel the Guinness take-over scandal, he also became chairman of the English Cricket Board, transforming the structure of the game.
Sir Ian is regarded as a radical in business; under his chairmanship, Tesco had a constant stream of innovations, such as computer pricing and loyalty cards. He joined Tesco in 1959 and made his career in the company achieving the role of chairman in 1985 – a role held until 1997. He has had several non-executive appointments, including Guinness, NatWest plc and Gleneagles hotel.
He stepped down as Chairman of Vodafone in July 2006, when Vodafone was operating in "the most challenging environment the telecoms sector has seen" and that "altering the course of an organisation the size of Vodafone takes time". This was at the time of significant investor unrest.
He has received several honours, including a life peerage.
Nick Land retired as Chairman of Ernst & Young LLP in 2006 after a career spanning 36 years with the firm. He became an audit partner in 1978 and held a number of management appointments before becoming Managing Partner in 1992. He was elected Chairman in 1995 and was also a member of the Global Executive Board. In 2000 he also became Managing Partner of the Northern Europe, Middle East, India and Africa Area.
He is a non-executive director and chairs the audit committees of Vodafone Group plc, Alliance Boots GmbH, BBA Aviation plc and the Ashmore Group plc. At BBA Aviation and Ashmore he is the SID. He is also a non-executive director of Royal Dutch Shell plc. He is chairman of the board of trustees of Farnham Castle and of the Vodafone Group Foundation. He is also a member of the National Gallery’s Finance and Audit Committees.
Valerie Gooding, CBE
Val is a non-executive director of J Sainsbury plc, Standard Chartered Bank plc, the BBC and the Lawn Tennis Association. Val also serves on the Board of the CBI, is a member of the Advisory Board of the Warwick Business School, a Trustee and deputy chairman of the British Museum and a Trustee of the Rose Theatre Kingston
Val was Chief Executive of BUPA for 10 years until May 2008. Prior to joining BUPA, she held several senior positions at British Airways. She was a director of Compass Group plc, BAA plc and CWC Communications plc and a member of the ABI’s Board, and the Council of Warwick University.
Val was awarded the CBE for services to business in the 2002 New Year’s Honours list.
Val has honorary doctorates from Warwick, Cranfield, Bournemouth and Middlesex Universities. She was awarded Honorary Chartered Director in 2009.