"We want good governance," says Paul Fox CDir, Managing Director of Boardroom Evolution Limited. Here he explores why it's crucial, using case studies and research, as well as explaining how becoming a Chartered Director is a step towards reaching this goal.
One definition of trust is a “firm belief in the reliability, truth, or ability of ... something” (Oxford English dictionary). Surely then, when the respected Edelman Trust Barometer 2017 ranks UK business at an all-time low of 33 (with 50+ being the baseline for trusted), as a business community, we should be concerned.
Corporate scandals at Tesco, Sports Direct, BHS, BAE Systems and Rolls Royce have fuelled public perception that British big business is grubby. They are more concerned with profits and executive remuneration than workers, customers and communities. Meanwhile, companies like Starbucks, Gap and Apple are limiting their corporation tax liabilities in ways that many find hard to accept.
Perhaps recent research from The Guardian may shine a light on a possible reason. The research [Hutton, 2015 1] highlighted that in 1970, £10 of every £100 of profit was distributed to shareholders, whereas in 2015, under pressure from shorter-term owners, they paid out £70.
The perception is one of corporate greed. Indeed the IoD in 2016 urged BP shareholders to reconsider awarding a £14m bonus to CEO Bob Dudley after BP had made a $6.5bn loss and was considering axing 7000 jobs.
Businesses can employ as many PR firms, print as many glossy CSR reports, and refurbish as many playgrounds as they like. The fact remains that a reputation takes a moment to smash and an awfully long time to repair.
But until their corporate governance regimes demonstrate that they care as much about society as they do about their balance sheets, then reputational excellence is a long way off.
And, yes, reputation matters.
In 2007, Harvard Business Review [Eccles et al, 2007 2] published the findings of research which concluded that firms with strong reputations attracted better people and were perceived as providing better value, allowing a premium to be charged. In an economy where approximately 75% of market value is attributable to hard to measure intangible assets like brand equity and goodwill, British business is vulnerable to reputational damage.
Corporate governance policy needs a kick up the backside again to address the reputation-reality gap, and Chartered Directors should be visible, vocal, and at the forefront of this drive.
We understand that governance is not just about good practice in terms of boardroom conduct, accountability and shareholder relationships. It has to go deeper than that, and be perceived by society to go deeper. Big businesses must start to converse with the communities, workers and customers they serve, affording them more respect. It is no coincidence that the most credible spokespeople for big businesses today are ordinary employees via social media, not directors [Edelman Trust Barometer, 20173]. Do shareholders do enough to stand up to the executives and should they take some of the blame? Well, shareholder activism is on the rise; PwC reported in 2015 that the number of activist hedge funds globally had grown by 275, with $100bn of assets4 under management. No coincidence surely.
Big businesses have within them some remarkable minds and I have no doubt they are capable of exhibiting better behaviour, if they chose to do so.
It is not too late to improve this, but big business must think carefully about the future, and how they wish to be viewed. In 2014, the governor of the Bank of England, Mark Carney, called on UK businesses to have a greater “sense of their responsibilities for the system”. A slightly vague call to action maybe, added to which the House of Commons BEIS committee on corporate governance stated in 2017, our “aim is to ingrain permanently the values and behaviours of excellent corporate governance into the culture of British business,” we thought they already were, was that a mistake?
1 Will Hutton, 2015, The Guardian, ‘Quarterly capitalism’ is short-term, myopic, greedy and dysfunctional
2 Robert G. Eccles, Scott C. Newquist, Roland Schatz, Harvard Business Review, February 2007, Reputation and Its Risks
3 Edelmen Trust Barometer, 2017, Crisis of Trust in post-Brexit [sic] Britain
4 pwc, 2015, Shareholder activism Who, what, when, and how? Cited from Preqin Special Report: Hedge Fund Activist Report (June 2014), (available at https://www.preqin.com/docs/reports/Preqin_Special_ Report_Activist_Hedge_Funds_June_14.pdf).